Arabic (/ˈærəbɪk/;Arabic: العَرَبِية, al-ʻarabiyyah [alʕaraˈbijja] or Arabic: عربي ,عربى ʻarabī [ˈʕarabiː]) is the Classical Arabic language of the 6th century and its modern descendants excluding Maltese. Arabic is spoken in a wide arc stretching across Western Asia, North Africa, and the Horn of Africa. Arabic belongs to the Afroasiatic family.

The literary language, called Modern Standard Arabic or Literary Arabic, is the only official form of Arabic. It is used in most written documents as well as in formal spoken occasions, such as lectures and news broadcasts.

Arabic is a Central Semitic language, closely related to Aramaic, Hebrew, Ugaritic and Phoenician. Standard Arabic is distinct from and more conservative than all of the spoken varieties, and the two exist in a state known as diglossia, used side-by-side for different societal functions.

Some of the spoken varieties are mutually unintelligible, both written and orally, and the varieties as a whole constitute a sociolinguistic language. This means that on purely linguistic grounds they would likely be considered to constitute more than one language, but are commonly grouped together as a single language for political or religious reasons (see below). If considered multiple languages, it is unclear how many languages there would be, as the spoken varieties form a dialect chain with no clear boundaries. If Arabic is considered a single language, it is perhaps spoken by as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it one of the six most-spoken languages in the world. If considered separate languages, the most-spoken variety would most likely be Egyptian Arabic with 89 million native speakers—still greater than any other Afroasiatic language. Arabic also is a liturgical language of 1.6 billion Muslims. It is one of six official languages of the United Nations.

Latest News for: Arabic student


Pro-Palestine US students celebrate the 'People's Graduation'

The New Arab 20 Jun 2024
Nadine Fatala, a PhD student in Media and Communications at New York University (NYU), an activist in the NYU student movement and member of the Palestinian Solidarity Coalition, related to to Al-Araby Al-Jadeed, The New Arab's Arabic-language sister edition, how the escalation ......

Israeli aggression prevents 39,000 Gaza students from taking high school exams

PNN 20 Jun 2024
... 430 students in Gaza and 20 others in the West Bank ... Al-Khudour noted that 1,320 Palestinian students from Gaza are set to take the Tawjihi exams in 29 Arab countries. Among them, 1,090 students are in Egypt....

Why Dubai is slipping in world student city rankings but 'exceptional' Sharjah shines

The National 20 Jun 2024
Six Arab cities named among the 100 best for students, with Dubai leading the way in the region .......

Northern Cyprus Has Become a Terror Safe-Haven

Daily Alert 20 Jun 2024
(1945) Michael Rubin - 50 years ago, Turkish troops poured into Cyprus and seized one-third of the island in a naked land grab, no different than Russia invading Ukraine ... and European security ... School teachers in northern Cyprus report that half their students today speak nothing but Arabic or Persian ... .......

Dozens of antisemitism, Islamophobia reports hit Michigan universities, especially UM

Detroit news 19 Jun 2024
Arab American students weigh in. Arab American students said they have experienced their own discrimination since Oct ... UM also has been working with the Islamophobia Working Group, a coalition of faculty, staff and students, to address Islamophobia and anti-Arab bigotry, to educate ......

Sheikh Zayed Book Award hosts academic conference on ‘Arabian Nights’ in Spain

The Gulf Time 19 Jun 2024
... Arabic language and literature experts ... A select group of Arab and Spanish academics, authors, and literary figures were also in attendance ... We hope this conference inspires more thinkers, researchers, translators and students, encouraging them to delve deeper into Arab culture....

Protesters say U of T should cut ties with Hebrew University. Are they right?

Toronto Sun 19 Jun 2024
Hebrew U left east Jerusalem amid the 1948 war that surrounded Israel’s creation, when the new nation was attacked by neighbouring Arab states ... The schools also offer study abroad and exchange opportunities for students ... In 2022, Hebrew U said that Arab students made up nearly 17 per cent of its student population....

Feds slam University of Michigan for not investigating hate on campus against Jews, Arabs

Detroit Free Press 18 Jun 2024
Many of them appear to be anti-Jewish or anti-Arab incidents, according to the report released by the federal department ... Arab American students have also expressed concern about anti-Arab bias ... In another case in November 2023, a student was accused of having terrorist friends because she took part in a pro-Palestinian rally....

Pro-Palestinian organization hosts ‘revolutionary’ summer camp at Canadian university

Virtual Jerusalem 18 Jun 2024
Solidarity for Palestinian Human Rights group says will offer students Arabic lessons and revised history lessons with pamphlets showcasing students armed with rifles|�Read More�ynet – News .......

Two campuses criticized in US harassment probe

Arkansas Democrat-Gazette 18 Jun 2024
Those incidents include harassment and disparate treatment of students based on shared Jewish, Palestinian, Arab, Muslim or South Asian ancestry ... "Colleges serve as beacons of free speech and expression, but the safety of our students, staff and faculty is paramount," CUNY Chancellor Félix V....

Beware of entrapment on rainbow road | PHIL WILLIAMS

Montgomery Advertiser 18 Jun 2024
It was a sign of disrespect. In the Arab world the bottom of a shoe denotes a major insult ... The plan actually backfired as students refused to walk over the flags in silent protest of the tyrannical regime. But those are Arab nations where the U.S ... The ayatollahs were likely not pleased when students did not join their silly exercise in flag-walking....

Never forget the police terror of the Trump years

People's World 18 Jun 2024
Years later, cities across the U.S. paid out at least $80 million in settlements to protesters ... ... We can see that in the recent arrests of student protesters pushing for an end to the genocide in Gaza across the United States, as well as the people of Arab descent ... ... AP ... “My settlement barely covered a year of my student loans,” Callum pointed out ... ....